WHAT IS ABA/VB
Verbal Behavior (VB)
In 1957 in his book Verbal Behavior B.F. Skinner described language skills as behavior that can be learned and analyzed in the same manner as all other operant behavior. He additionally noted that verbal behavior (VB) is behavior that is mediated by another individual as opposed to the environment alone.
In practice the verbal behavior approach advocates utilizing the child’s motivation to teach language skills. This may include teaching a child to request desired items, label items he or she encounters in the environment, respond to verbal instructions, answer questions, and engage in conversation with others. The verbal behavior approach considers any behavior that serves a communication function to be verbal behavior. This may include vocal speech, signing, gesturing, picture exchange communication system (PECS), or even tantrum behavior. Frequently the acquisition of language skills corresponds to a reduction in inappropriate behavior.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Cooper, Heron, and Heward defined ABA in 1987 in the following way:”Applied behavior analysis is the science in which procedures derived from the principles of behavior are systematically applied to improve socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree and to demonstrate experimentally that the procedures employed were responsible for the improvement in behavior.” ABA is the process of using strategies and interventions that have been scientifically proven to change behavior to improve the lives of individuals and their families. Behaviors targeted for change range from mild to severe, but are behaviors that impact an individual’s daily functioning.